ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a type of mental illness that is one of the most common childhood conditions that gets diagnosed. Symptoms are usually apparent by the time a child reaches around 6 years of age. Once a child has ADHD, it is expected that he or she will continue to experience its symptoms well into adulthood. By that time, however, they are already well equipped to handle the mood swings, hallucinations and anger associated with the disorder.
What causes ADHD?
The true cause of ADHD is still largely unexplained. However, some researchers believe that it is due mainly to an imbalance in the chemicals present in the individual's brain. In some cases, researchers suspect that the condition can be influenced by genetics and the environment. As for how and why the disorder appears in certain individuals, however, there remains no clear cause.
Since the cause of the disorder remains unknown, doctors merely use medications and therapy to treat its symptoms. These are designed to provide the patient with the opportunity to regulate his temperament and live as normal a life as possible.
Symptoms of ADHD
ADHD is characterized by the inability of an individual to remain focused on a single activity for a given period of time, something that people without this disorder don’t require a lot of effort to do. It is also common for ADHD sufferers to experience mood swings – ranging from complete elation, enthusiasm and confidence one moment and shifting to depression, irritability and aggression the next. In most cases, the particular reason for the specific behaviors is not easily identifiable.